[r-t] 147 TDMM
Richard Smith
richard at ex-parrot.com
Thu Oct 21 03:22:35 UTC 2010
This is where is starts to get interesting! Some of the
compositions in this email are known, and some I expect are
new. However, I've never seen a good explanation of how
these compositions work in general or how to find other
similar compositions, and I hope this email goes someway to
rectifying that.
ISPWICH, CAMBRIDGE AND YORK
I'm going to start by looking at a particular composition of
surprise that hasn't yet been covered.
Comp #1: 720 Spliced Surprise Minor (3m)
123456 Yo - 134625 Yo - 153462 Cm
- 123564 Ip 142356 Ip 162345 Cm
- 145236 Cm - 163425 Ip - 124536 Ip
136524 Cm - 154632 Ip 152643 Ip
124653 Cm 165243 Yo 165324 Cm
- 145362 Ip - 165432 Ip - 152436 Cm
134256 Ip 146253 Cm 136245 Ip
123645 Cm 153624 Ip - 152364 Yo
- 134562 Cm - 146532 Yo 126543 Ip
162453 Ip - 146325 Ip - 135264 Ip
--------- --------- ---------
- 134625 - 153462 123456
65s at back. Contains a plain lead of each method. ATW.
360 Ipswich (Ip), 240 Cambridge (Cm) and 120 York (Yo).
This composition isn't new -- a trivial variant of it is on
John Warboys' website, for example. If anyone knows who
first produced an extent on this plan, I'd be interested to
know. John Warboys also has a version incorporating Norfolk
and Primrose too and thereby avoiding 65s at back which is
worth repeating here:
Comp #2: 720 Spliced Surprise Minor (5m) Arr. JSW
123456 Nf 142563 Ip 156234 Cm
164523 Ip - 135426 Cm - 163425 Cm
156342 Yo 126543 Pr - 132546 Cm
- 156423 Nf 164235 Pr - 124653 Cm
134256 Nf 143652 Pr - 145362 Cm
- 162345 Ip - 135264 Ip 162534 Ip
136524 Yo - 142356 Yo - 145623 Yo
- 136245 Ip 125463 Nf 152436 Nf
- 152364 Cm 134625 Ip 164352 Nf
- 126435 Ip 163542 Ip - 123645 Yo
--------- --------- ---------
142563 156234 - 123456
No 65s at back. Contains a plain lead of each method.
216 Ipswich (Ip), 168 Cambridge (Cm), 144 Norfolk (Nf),
120 York (Yo) and 72 Primrose (Pr).
But how does it work? York doesn't splice with either
Ipswich or Cambridge individually, so this isn't a simple
extent. (Clearly, or it would have been discussed
elsewhere.) However, it turns out that there is an
irregular five-lead splice between York and King Edward
which is the thirds-place half-lead variant of Cambridge and
Ipswich.
IRREGULAR FIVE-LEAD SPLICES
Irregular five-lead splices are odd things, occuring fairly
rarely and generally being hard to work into an elegant
composition. (The example above is hardly elegant, though
it's about as good as I can do.) The familiar form of the
five-lead splice is the course splice. However,
occasionally the five leads involved in the splice are not
the same five leads of the plain course -- the splice
between York and King Edward is an example of this.
The lead-heads and lead-ends involved in a splice for a
group (or more generally, a left coset). In the case of a
five-lead splice, this is a dihedral group. And for this
particular splice, the lead-heads and -ends are as follows:
/--- 123456 \
| / 132546 /
| \ 146532 \
| / 164352 /
Leads of | \ 152364 \ Leads of
King Edward | / 125634 / York
| \ 134625 \
| / 143265 /
| \ 165243 \
\--- 156423 /
Sixth-place bell is pivot bell in York, and so the lead-ends
and -heads pair up in leads as shown on the right; in King
Edward, fourth-place bell is pivot, and they pair up
differently, as shown on the left.
It's easy enough to put together a composition of spliced
York and King Edward using this splice. The Cm-Ip-Yo
composition, above, is based on an arragement like the
following:
Comp #3: 720 Spliced Surprise Minor (2m)
123456 Yo 132654 KE 153624 KE
135264 KE 156423 Yo 126435 KE
162453 KE - 156234 KE 134562 KE
154326 KE 132465 KE - 126543 KE
123645 KE 164523 KE 145362 KE
146532 Yo 125346 KE 163254 KE
163425 KE 143652 KE 152436 KE
124536 KE - 125634 Yo 134625 Yo
- 163542 KE 153246 KE 142356 KE
145236 KE 142635 KE - 165324 KE
--------- --------- ---------
132654 - 153624 123456
Has 65s at back. Contains a plain lead of each method.
Methods: 600 King Edward (KE) and 120 York (Yo).
(With a better method balance, we could easiy get a
three-part composition.)
We now have a 720 with the correct five leads of York and
the rest as King Edward. So it must be possible to cut up
the leads of King Edward and reform them as Cambridge and
Ipswich to get comp #1.
On the face of it, this seems easy -- any method with a 36
half-lead has a three-lead splice with its 16 h.l. variant,
and another three-lead splice with its 56 h.l. variant. In
this case, Cm-KE has a three-lead splice on 2,5, and Ip-KE
has a three-lead splice on 3,6.
However we can quickly rule out the three-lead splices
because the number of leads of King Edward, 25, is not
divisible by 3, so we clearly can't get rid of more than
24 of the leads of King Edward. (In fact, we can't get rid
of more than 15 of them.)
FRAGMENTED COMPOSITE COURSES
So how do we convert comp #3 into comp #1? The leads of
York are the same in both, and King Edward, Cambridge and
Ipswich are all half-lead variants. That means it must be
possible to take the 25 leads of King Edward, cut them into
50 half-leads and reassemble them as 15 leads of Ipswich and
10 of Cambridge.
York has a G lead end, Ipswich is K, and Cambridge is H.
Each of the five leads of York is in a different course, so
we want to find a composite course that contains one G lead
and the rest K or H. I gave a table of all possible
composite courses in the fourth email, and unfortunately the
only composite course using just G, K and H is GHKHG which
has two Gs.
Fortunately there is another type of composite course
available: the fragmented composite course. Instead of
having a round block of five leads, the course fragments
into a round block of two leads and a second round block of
three leads. It turns out that, up to rotation, there are
only four ways of doing this with seconds place lead ends,
and a further four with sixths place lead ends. (The
two-lead section needs to be a lead-head and its inverse: so
HJ or GK. Up to rotation, the only remaining choice is
whether we visit the three remaining lead heads clockwise
or anticlockwise. That's 2*2 choices.) The possible
fragmented courses are:
GK + GJG LO + LNL
GK + KHK LO + OMO
HJ + JKJ NM + MLM
HJ + HGH NM + NON
The GK + KHK fragmented course is just what is needed to get
one lead of Yo (G) in a course with Ip (K) and Cm (H).
That's all we need to show -- it's necessarily the case that
the King Edward can be reassembled into the appropriate
leads of Ip and Cm.
So how many plans with Yo, Ip and Cm are there? With five
leads of Yo, the five courses involving Yo are totally
constrained. The remaining course can be either Ip or Cm.
That gives two plans. With ten leads of Yo, four of the
courses contain two leads of Yo. The only possible
composite course for them is GHKHG. Unfortunately two of
the four courses contain consecutive leads of Yo, and two
contain non-consecutive leads of Yo. This composite course
only copes with the former. Therefore ten leads of Yo is
not possible. Similar arguments rule out larger amounts of
Yo.
In this case, we cannot extend the plan with furter methods.
The only simple splices that Ip or Cm have (beyond the
mutual course splice) are Cm's six-lead splices, and that's
incompatible with the five-lead splice to York. So this
splice itself is only responsible for two further plans.
FIVE-LEAD GRID SPLICES
How would we find similar splices? First we need to
identify the key properties of the Yo-Ip-Cm splice that
makes it work. We might start by saying: (1) Ip and Cm are
16 and 56 half-lead variants; and (2) Yo has a five-lead
splice with the 36 half-lead variant of Ip and Cm.
Are there any other sets of methods where X and Y are 16/56
h.l. variants, and Z has a 5-lead splice with their
(necessarily irregular) 36 h.l. variant (let's call it W)?
That turns out to be pretty restrictive, and the only other
methods so related are the Carlisle-over equivalents:
X Y Z
----------
Ip Cm Yo
Nb Cl Ak
Can we generalise the idea? For a start, does the W-Z
splice need to be a five-lead splice? If the splice is a
six-lead splice then we've got a grid splice -- something
we've already considered. Because of this similarity, I've
chosen to call the Ip-Cm-Yo splice a five-lead grid splice
in contrast to the usual six-lead grid splice.
X --(3)-- [W] --(3)-- Y X --(3)-- [W] --(3)-- Y
| |
(5) (6)
| |
Z Z
Five-lead grid splice (Six-lead) grid splice
What if W-Z is a three-lead splice? W has two crossing
pairs. W-X is a three-lead splice fixing one of them, and
W-Y is a three-lead splice fixing the other. If W-Z is a
three-lead splice, then there must also be a three-lead
splice betwen Y-Z or between X-Z. That means, in either
case, that X-Y-Z is just a combined course and three-lead
splice plan and so already considered.
So does that mean that's it? That this is a dead-end
contributing four (already known) plans? No. With a bit of
thought, it generalises considerably.
THREE-LEAD GRID SPLICE
The mistake was to restrict ourselves to W being the 36
place half-lead variant of X and Y. Why can't W have a jump
change at the half-lead? The important thing is that W has
two pairs swapping and one making a place at the half-lead.
Just as when we generalised the grid splice to produce the
triple-pivot grid splice, there was no requirement for the
swapping bells to be adjacent. Allowing such methods opens
the door to a W-Z three-lead splice that hasn't already been
considered.
X Y Z
-------------
Du Su Bo/Ki
Nw Mu Sa/Te
C1 Mp C2/C3
Ma Ol No
Ma Ol Ms
Where there are two methods in the Z column it's because
they share the same 3-lead splice as the W-Z splice.
(That's why No and Ms are not combined on to a single line.)
The first two lines are moderately well known, with John
Leary's compositions of 10 Cambridge-over surprise methods
and 8 Carlisle-over surprise methods being notable examples
of their use. I've not seen any extents on the other plans.
DURHAM, SURFLEET AND BOURNE
Let's consider the Cambridge-over splice first as this is
the best known one. Bo/Ki has a J lead end, Du and Su are G
and H respectively, so we'll be looking to work with the
JGHGJ composite course or the HJ + HGH fragmented composite
course.
With one slot taken by Bo (i.e. three leads of Bo), we need
to use the fragmented course three times, and we have three
leads where we can choose either Du or Su, giving four
plans. An example is given below:
123456 Su 134256 Su 142356 Su +
156342 Du 156423 Du 156234 Du
164523 Su 162534 Su + 163542 Su
--------- --------- ---------
123456 134256 142356
135264 Bo 145362 Bo 125463 Bo
142635 Su + 123645 Su 134625 Su
--------- --------- ---------
135264 145362 125463
152436 Su + 153246 Su 154326 Su
136245 Su 146325 Su 126435 Su
145623 Su 125634 Su 135642 Su
123564 Su 134562 Su 142563 Su +
164352 Su 162453 Su + 163254 Su
--------- --------- ---------
152436 153246 154326
(The + denotes one of the three six-lead splice slot that
could be used to introduce Cm into the plan. This is
discussed later.)
With two Bo slots (i.e. 6 leads), the slots can either share
a fixed bell [(a,b) + (a,c)], or not [(a,b) + (c,d)]. In
the former case, the Bo leads are scattered through five
courses; in the latter, they're only present in four
courses. The question is, can those courses with two leads
of Bo be arranged to fit the JGHGJ composite course?
The fixed place bells for the Bo splice are 3rds and 5ths
place bells. The J lead head is 164523 meaning that if 3,5
are fixed in the first lead of Bo, then 2,4 are fixed for
the next one. That means that we can only fit two leads of
Bo into the composite course if they don't share a fixed
bell. These plans have two courses with Bo where there is a
free choice between a course of Du or a course of Su. That
results in three plans. An example is given below:
123456 Bo 134256 Su 142356 Du
164523 Bo 156423 Su + 125463 Su
135264 Du 123645 Su 163542 Su
156342 Su + 145362 Su ---------
142635 Du 162534 Su 142356
--------- ---------
123456 134256 156234 Su +
134625 Bo
154326 Bo 152436 Su ---------
163254 Bo 136245 Su + 156234
142563 Du 145623 Su
126435 Su + 123564 Su 153246 Du
135642 Du 164352 Su 134562 Su
--------- --------- 162453 Su
154326 152436 ---------
153246
146325 Su +
125634 Bo
---------
146325
(As above, the + denotes the six-lead splice slot that could
be used to introduce Cm into the plan.)
By adding a third slot of Bo (i.e. 9 leads), it becomes
impossible to find composite courses to make it all fit
together, and it might seem that we're stuck with just those
4+3 = 7 plans. But actually there's one more case that
works. If we choose one course to be entirely Bo, then this
course shares two Bo splice slots with each other course.
These slots fall adjacently allowing the JGHGJ composite
course to be used in them. This adds one further plan with
15 leads of Bo, 10 of Du and 5 of Su. The brings the total
to 8.
This latter plan is of passing interest as it has a
five-part structure. Unfortunately it's not possible to
join the parts together while retaining a five-part
structure, though the following Relfe-like block gives rise
to five mutually true blocks.
123456 Du
135264 Hu
164523 Bk
142635 Bo
156342 Du
- 156423 Bo
---------
- 123456
Clearly we can include both Bo and Ki in many of these
plans. Obviously with one Bo/Ki slot, we can have one or
the other, but not both: 4*2 = 8 plans. The three plans
with 2 Bo/Ki slots can have Bo, Ki, or both: 3*3 = 9 plans.
The plan with 5 Bo/Ki slots can have various combinations:
1+1+2+2+1+1 = 8 plans. (The terms are for 0,1,2,3,4,5 slots
taken with Bo. With 2 Bo, they can either be consecutive
leads in the whole course of Bo, or separated.) That brings
us up to 8+9+8 = 25 plans.
What else can we get in the extent? Su has a six-lead
splice with Cm or Bs. With one Bo/Ki slot, say with (a,b)
fixed, if all of the spare courses are Su then there are
three Su/Cm/Bs six-lead slots free: with c, d and e
pivoting. With no Su slots, we can have 0, 1, 2 or 3 Cm
slots; with one Su slots, we can have 0, 1 or 2 Cm slots;
and so on. That gives a further 2*(4+3+2) = 18 plans.
(The case of no Cm/Bs has already been counted.) With two
Bo/Ki slots, there's one Su/Cm/Bs six-lead slot, getting
another 3*2 = 6 plans, bringing the total up to 49. This
means that in an extent we can get any combination of Bo,
Ki, Cm and Bs except all four together.
Also, Du has a three-lead splice with Yo with the fixed
bells in 2,3. With one Bo/Ki slot we have three HJ + HGH
fragmented courses and thus three leads of Du there. As can
be seen from the fragments written out above, these three
leads of Du form a Du/Yo three-lead splice slot, and so we
can replace Du with Yo in any of those plans.
What if we have some whole courses of Du too? That might be
expected to provide additional Du/Yo splice slots, but it
doesn't. We know that there are two ways of choosing three
courses depending on whether the courses share a coursing
pair of bells. The three fragmented courses necessarily
share a coursing pair (because the three leads of Bo/Ki and
the three leads of Du/Yo use it), that means the three free
courses cannot share coursing pair, and so together they
have no Du/Yo splice slots. That means the 26 plans with
three leads of Bo/Ki can have three leads of Du replaced
with Yo (adding a further 26 plans), but nothing further.
That tells us that if we want both Bs and Cm in the plan, we
cannot have both Yo and Du.
What if we have two Bo/Ki slots? For the same reason as
above, only the two Du in the composite courses can be used
for splicing in Yo. With two slots, we would expect this to
treble the number of plans depending on whether we want
these six leads to be all Du, all Yo, or half and half.
Actually, it's a little more complicated. Let's consider
the 5 plans which contain both Bo and Ki. (That's three
from the choice of 0, 1 or 2 extra courses of Du, and two
from the six-lead splices with Cm/Bs.) Let's say that (a,b)
are fixed for Bo and (c,d) for Ki. If we choose (a,b) for
Yo and (c,d) for Du, that's distinct from choosing (a,b) for
Du and (c,d) for Yo. That gives us an extra five plans.
With a little thought, we can see that it's not possible to
insert Yo into the plan with 15 leads fo Bo/Ki. In total
that gives us 110 plans using this recipe:
3 Bo/Ki: (8+18)*2 = 52
6 Bo/Ki: (9+6)*3 + 5 = 50
15 Bo/Ki: 8 = 8
-----
110
John Leary's 1987 RW article summarises well what can be
achieved with this plan:
http://www.rrhorton.net/learycomps.html#learycomps.comp00
There are 14 methods that are potentially available:
Bs/Wa Cm/Pr Ki/Lv Bo/Hu [Su,Bv]/[He,Bk] Yo Du
We've also established two constraints on what's possible:
(i) we can get any combination of Bo/Hu, Ki/Lv, Cm/Pr and
Bs/Wa except all four together; and
(ii) if we want both Bs/Wa and Cm/Pr in the plan, we
cannot have both Yo and Du.
John Leary's Cambridge 10 loses Bs/Wa to allow both Yo and
Du to be included.
Comp #4: 720 Spliced Surprise Minor (10m) Comp. JRL
123456 Cm 123645 Pr 123564 Cm
156342 Yo 134256 Bv - 136452 Bo
164523 Bo* 156423 Yo 124536 Du
135264 Bo - 156234 Yo - 124365 Du
- 164235 He 163542 Pr - 124653 Du
143652 Cm 134625 Bo* 145236 Bv
152364 Bk - 125634 Bv 136524 He
126543 Bk - 153462 Cm 162345 Hu*
- 164352 Su - 136245 Su - 145362 Hu
152436 Su 145623 Su 162534 Bv
--------- --------- ---------
- 123645 123564 - 123456
Can ring Bs for Cm and Wa for Pr throughout; also can ring
Ki for Bo and Lv for Hu throughout.
It's tempting to ask whether this can be pushed to its
logical maximum -- a twelve method extent, only omitting
Bs/Wa or Cm/Pr? It's almost possible to do it with comp #4
by changing the leads marked * to Ki/Lv, though this leaves
us without a plain lead of Lv. It turns out that it's not
quite possible to get plain leads of all twelve methods.
(It's not even possible if you accept that you don't need
plain leads of Yo and Du as they don't have lead-end
variants.)
NEWCASTLE, MUNDEN AND SANDIACRE
The Nw-Mu-Sa/Te splice is essentially the same as the
Du-Su-Bo/Ki one, and I'm not going to discuss it in much
detail. The methods have J, G and K lead heads
respectively, which means we'll be using the KJGJK and GK +
GJG composite courses. With just three leads of Sa/Te, this
will clearly work the same as the Cambridge-over methods.
What about two Sa/Te slots (six leads)? We need to use two
KJGJK courses, which puts the Sa leads adjacent. Sa brings
up the lead head 142635, and the two fixed bells in the Sa
splice are 3rds and 6ths. So if we have 3,6 in one lead we
have 2,5 in the next -- disjoint pairs as with the Cambridge
methods. So everything works exactly the same as for the
Cambridge methods and we have 25 plans just involving the
four base methods (Nw, Mu, Sa, Te).
What else can we add to the plan? Mu has six-lead splices
with Cl and Gl, exactly as Su did with Cm and Bs; similarly,
Nw has a three-lead splice with Ak, exactly as Du did with
Yo. None of that should be a surprise given the known
duality between the Cambridge and Carlisle overworks. The
accounts of 110 plans, exactly as for the Cambridge
overworks.
However, there are two further splices to consider this
time. Gl has a three-lead splice with Ca and Cl with Cu.
Fortunately these are straightforward to consider. Cl and
Gl are both introduced via six-lead splices into Ch. To get
one Gl/Ca or Cl/Cu slot we need 18 leads of Gl or Cl. That
means we can only have one Sa/Te slot and the three
spare courses must be Ch. That gives us 2*2*2 = 8 plans.
(The factors of two come from the choices of Gl/Ca vs Cl/Cu,
Ak vs Nw, and Sa vs Te.) That gives us 118 plans all told.
Unfortunately, because of the large number of G-group
methods (which do not have 6ths place variants), it's
difficult to get compositions incorporating 6ths place
methods. The eight 'extra' plans (involving Ca or Cu)
cannot be joined up while incorporating any 6ths place
methods at all, though we can get a pleasing three-part with
six 2nds place methods:
Comp #5: 720 Spliced Surprise Minor (6m)
123456 Mu
135264 Cl
156342 Cu
164523 Cl
- 164235 Nw
152364 Cl
126543 Cl
- 126435 Sa
142563 Cl
- 142635 Ch
---------
- 142356
Twice repeated. Can ring Ak for Nw throughout; also can
ring Ca and Gl for Cu and Cl throughout; also can ring Te
for Sa throughout For plain lead of Ch, swap Mu and Ch in
one part.
John Leary's 1987 RW article discusses the the Carlisle
methods too. He provides an 8 method extent involving
Nw/Mo, Ak/Ct, Ch/Mu, Sa/Wo, which is key to ringing the 41
in twelve true extents. It is possible to include Cl in
this (using an analagous plan to comp #4), but again it's
then not possible to include any 6ths place methods. This
is a more general problem with this particular recipe --
none of the plans that include Cl or Gl can include 6ths
place methods in a round block. Also like the Cm methods,
in principle we should be able to add Te/Ev to JRL's 8
spliced composition, though in practice it's not possible to
do it in such a way that there is a plain lead of all ten
methods.
COTSWOLD, MENDIP, CHILTERN AND CHEVIOT
Finally we're into territory that John Leary didn't explore
in his 1987 RW article. The main splice here is between
Cotswold (C1), Mendip (Mp), Chiltern (C2) an Cheviot (C3).
(There are more than 26 methods beginning with C in the
147.) C1 has a G lead head, Mp is H, and C2/C3 is J, so the
JGHGJ and HJ + HGH composite courses will be relevant.
As with the previous two examples, we can have one, two or
five C2/C3 slots giving 25 basic plans. We can extend this
in three ways. First (and simplest) C3 has a course splice
with Pn. This can only be effected when we have a whole
course of C3 which requires the plan with five C3 slots; it
is responsible for just one new plan.
Comp #6: 720 Spliced Treble Bob Minor (4m)
123456 C3 134256 C3 125463 Mp
164523 C3 162534 C1 163542 C1
- 123564 C3 123645 Mp 134625 C3
145623 C1 - 134562 Mp 156234 C3
- 145236 Pn 162453 C1 142356 C1
124653 Pn 125634 C3 - 142563 Pn
162345 Pn 146325 C3 - 135426 C1
136524 Pn - 125346 C3 - 135264 C1
- 145362 C1 163425 C1 156342 Mp
156423 C3 132654 Mp 142635 C1
--------- --------- ---------
134256 - 125463 123456
The second way of extending the basic extent is with the
six-lead splices between Mp/Pv/Cc/Bh/By/Bw. With one C2/C3
slot and no whole courses of C1, there are three six-lead
splice slots. If they're all different that's 6*5*4/3! = 20
plans; if two are the same, that's 6*5 = 30 plans; if
they're all the same, that's 6 plans, one of which (all Mp)
is already counted. That's 55 extra plans. Double that
because we can have C2 or C3 in the C2/C3 slot. With two
C2/C3 slots, we've only one six-lead splice slot, which
gives 5 extra plans. Treble that for choice of methods in
the C2/C3 slots.
Finally Pv has a three-lead splice with Li. So if we use
all three six-lead splice slots on Pv, we can add Li.
That's responsible for two more plans: one with C2, one with
C3; however, neither plan can be made to join up. (This is
an unusual situation where having 6ths place methods would
help.) All told, that results in 25+1+55*2+5*3+2 = 153
plans.
Alarm bells should now be ringing. I've just said that the
Li plans cannot be joined up, but Li, Pv, Cc, Bh, Bw, By and
Mp all have H lead heads. If Li doesn't work, none of the
others will too. That's true, and because of that a large
number of the plans cannot be joined up. However, the
situation isn't as bad as it might seem. The extent can be
salvaged in any of three ways:
(i) including a Kent-over method (i.e. Bh, Bw or By) so
that its 6ths place l.e. variant can be rung;
(ii) including one or more whole courses of C1; or
(iii) including more than one C2/C3 slot.
The first strategy mixes backworks up, which, depending on
your perspective, might not be desirable. It's not possible
to get the 6ths place versions of all three Kent-over
methods (Os, Wf, Kh), but one or two is easy enough.
Comp #6: 720 Spliced Treble Dodging Minor (12m)
123456 Cc 145362 C3 135426 Mp
156342 C1 - 162345 By 126543 Mp
164523 Pv 145236 Mp - 164352 Pv
- 142356 Pm 136524 Mp 152436 Ed
156234 C1 124653 Md 123564 Cc
163542 Cc 153462 Cc - 136452 C3
- 134256 Le - 136245 Mp 124536 Le
156423 C1 145623 Mp - 143652 Cc
162534 Kh - 152364 Pm - 135264 C3
123645 Cc 164235 Bt 142635 Kh
--------- --------- ---------
145362 135426 123456
I think that's the most methods you can get in a single
extent with this recipe. (If we swap Cc for a Kent-over
method with the aim of getting both lead-end variants, we
need to introduce more bobs to do it and as a result lose
the plain lead of at least one other method.)
MARPLE, OLD OXFORD AND NORWICH
The methods, Ma, Ol, No have J/M, K/N and O lead heads.
That means we're going to be using the MONOM and NM + NON
courses. As before, we can have 3, 6 or 15 leads of No
which gives us 4+3+1 = 8 basic plans (depending on the
number of whole courses of Ma/Ol that we include).
Ma three-lead splices with Ta (exactly like Du does with
Yo), and Ol six-lead splices with Bm (exactly like Su does
with Cm or Bs). That accounts for (4+3)*2 + (3+1)*3 + 1 =
27 plans. While we can easily get Ma, Ta and Bm in a single
extent, it turns out not to be possible to get plain leads
of all of the 2nds and 6ths place versions in a 15 method
extent. The following example gains all bar Ta:
Comp #7: 720 Spliced Treble Dodging Minor (14m)
123456 Bc 146325 Ns 154326 Ol
164523 No 153246 No - 163542 Wi
- 156423 No - 125346 No 156234 Cw
145362 Ol 132654 Bc 142356 Bm
134256 Bm 146532 No - 163425 Hm
123645 Cb 154263 Ma - 125463 Wr
162534 Hm - 163254 Bc 134625 Cb
- 134562 Ma 142563 Sl - 156342 Br
125634 Ng 135642 Cw 142635 Hm
162453 Bm 126435 Wr 135264 No
--------- --------- ---------
146325 154326 123456
The other method that can be incorporated into this is El
which has a three-lead splice with Ol (fixed bells: 2,4).
To be able to incorporate some El we need the Ol/El fixed
bells to have a bell in common with every No slot. That
means with one No slot, say (a,b), and no whole courses of
Ma, there are seven El slots: (a,b), (a,c), (a,d), (a,e),
(b,c), (b,d) and (b,e). I counted the ways of selecting
from these (modulo rotation) in the second email -- there
are 31 ways of selecting a non-zero number of El slots. If
we want both El and Bm, the Bm splice must use the same
fixed bell as the El splice(s), so if Bm uses c, only (a,c)
and (b,c) can be used for El. That adds a further 2 plans
(for 3 or 6 leads of El). Double that for plans with Ta
instead of Ma: that gives 66 further plans.
What if we have some whole courses of Ma? With one course
of Ma, we lose four El slots. (In that course, bell a must
course two bells, neither of which can be b, say c+d; as
must bell b, say d+e. The slots with those coursing pairs
-- (a,c), (a,d), (b,d), (b,e) -- include one lead in the
course of Ma and so are no longer viable.) That leaves
three slots, say (a,b), (a,c), (b,d). There are 5 ways of
choosing a non-zero number of those El slots. Doubling to
allow for Ta gives another 10 plans. With two or three
courses of Ma, we can only use the (a,b) slot. That adds a
further 2*2 = 4 plans.
And what if we have two No slots, say (a,b)+(c,d), and no
whole courses of Ma. This leaves four El slots: (a,c),
(a,d), (b,c), (b,d). There's one way of choosing one slot
and two of choosing two, but each are doubled because of
chirality.
a --- c a --- c a --- c
: : : \ : : :
: : : \ : : :
: : : \ : : :
b d b d b --- d
[chiral] [chiral]
That gives 2+3+2+1 = 8 ways of choosing some El. We need to
treble that to account for six, three or zero leads of Ta.
But we also need to revisit the number of patterns when one
of (a,b) is Ma and the other is Ta: the middle diagram gets
left-right reflected version because we are no longer free
to relabel (a,b) as (c,d). That means 8+9+8 = 25 plans.
Finally, we can add one whole course of Ma. That will
remove three of the four El slots, so if we want El, the
only choice is whether we have six, three or zero leads of
Ta -- 3 more plans. That brings the total number of plans
to 27+66+10+4+25+3 = 135.
Comp #8: 720 Spliced Treble Dodging Minor (15m)
123456 El 132546 No 163254 Cb
142635 Ol - 153246 No 126435 Cr
164523 Bm 125634 Cw 154326 Bm
156342 Ta 146325 Bm - 163542 Wr
- 142356 Cb 134562 Hm 125463 El
- 163425 Bc 162453 Ng - 134256 Ng
154263 Ta - 134625 Bc 123645 Wi
132654 Ns 156234 Wi 162534 Ol
146532 Sl - 142563 Wr 156423 Bm
125346 No 135642 Ol 145362 Cb
--------- --------- ---------
- 132546 163254 - 123456
This is the most methods we can get with this recipe. There
are no plans that include all four of El, Bm, Ma and Ta, so
more than 15 methods clearly cannot be achieved using the
plans listed here.
MARPLE, OLD OXFORD AND MORNING STAR
This is the last of the three-lead grid splices.
The methods, Ma, Ol, Ms have J, K and G lead heads which
means using which means we'll be using the KJGJK and GK +
GJG composite courses. Ma and Ol are basically lead-end
variants and Ms is the three-lead splice method (with fixed
bells in 2-3), but if we look at the courses, G occurs once
in the unfragmented course and three times in the fragmented
course. That means we can't just apply what we've done with
all the previous three-lead grid splices.
Clearly one Ms slot (three leads) will work fine: we have
three KJGJK courses and three whole courses of Ma or Ol.
Equally clearly two Ms slots won't work because there will
be a course with two leads of Ms and we have no courses with
two G leads that we can use there.
Three Ms slots can be selected in four ways:
1) a --- b 2) a --- b --- d 3) a --- b --- c --- d
\ / |
\ / |
c c 4) a --- b --- c d --- e
In the course where a,b,c course in that order (or that
order backwards), the first arrangement will need two G
leads in that course. The second arrangement will also need
two G leads (because if b is coursing between a and c, it
cannot be coursing d). In the third arrangement, if abcde
is an in-course coursing order (forwards or backwards), then
that course contains three G leads. But the badce course
contains two slots: (a,b) and (d,c). And in the fourth
arrangement, the bcade course contains two slots. So three
Ms slots cannot work.
Four Ms slots? With similar logic we can show that none of
the arrangements work except for the following one:
a --- b
\ /
\ / d --- e
c
In the courses abcde, bcade, cabde it has three Ms slots,
and in the courses acdbe, badce, cbdae it has one Ms slot.
That gives us an plan with 12 leads of Ms, 9 each of Ma and
Ol.
The final working arrangement has five Ms slots. It is the
opposite to the arrangement used in the other three-lead
grid splices. In those arrangements we had a whole course
of the Ms-equivalent method and two leads in each of the
other courses; in this arrangement one we select the
other five slots getting us a course with no Ms and five
courses each with five. The course without Ms can be chosen
as Ol or Ma.
That accounts for 4+1+2 = 7 basic plans involving just Ma,
Ol and Ms. As with the Norwich-based three-lead grid, we
can splice Ta for Ma. Because the Ms course has two leads
of Ma, it works slightly differently -- there are three
splice slots, each having two leads in the Ma/Ol/Ms
composite courses and one lead in the single-method courses.
So if we have three whole courses of Ma, we can have 3, 6 or
9 leads of Ta; if we have two whole courses of Ma, we can
have 3 or 6 leads of Ta; and if we have one coures of Ma, we
can have 3 leads of T. That generates a 3+2+1 = 6 plans.
With four Ms slots, the (d,e) component in the diagram above
provides a single Ma/Ta slot, making one more plan. It's
fairly clear that there's no opportunity to get Ta into the
five Ms slot plan. That's 7+6+1 = 14 plans.
There are a few other methods that can be incorportated via
simple splices. Ol has a six-lead splice with Bm, so if we
have three wholecourses of Ma, we can include one or two
six-lead splices with Bm using the bells fixed in the Ms
splice. Similarly Ma has a six-lead splice with Ki. If the
single-method courses are all Ma, then six or twelve leads
of Ki can be added. Between them, that's four more plans.
Next there's the three-lead splice between El and Ol which
works exactly the same as the Ta/Ma three lead splice.
This means that if a single-method course is Ma, it provides
a Ma/Ta splice slot, and if the course is Ol, it provides a
Ol/El splice slot. With one course of Ol, there are 3
existing plans due to the choice of Ta; we get a further 3
plans with El in them. With two courses of Ol, there are 2
existing plans; we get a further 4 by allowing 3 or 6 leads
of El. And with three courses of Ol, there's one existing
plan to which we add 3 more. That's 3+4+3 = 10 extra plans.
What about El when there's more than one Ms slot? Again,
the El/Ol <-> Ta/Ma duality holds, and we can add a single
El slot. Combined with the choice of Ta/Ma, that gives two
new plans.
Finally, there's the three-lead splice between Ms and Di.
Any of the plans with four Ms slot can incorporate three
leads of Di. That's 2*2 = 4 more plans. (One factor of 2
comes from Ta/Ma, the other comes from including or not
including El.) In total that's 14+4+10+4+2 = 34 plans.
The following composition uses a four Ms slot plan. I've
not included any of Old Oxford's lead splices as there's
only one spare plain lead of Ns and none of Ol.
Comp #9: 720 Spliced Treble Dodging Minor (10m)
123456 El 164235 Ol 163425 Di
142635 Ms - 152643 Hm - 163254 Ms
- 142356 Ms 143265 El 135642 Ms
- 142563 Ms - 152436 Ol - 135426 Di
126435 Cr - 164523 Ta 152364 Ma
154326 Ta 135264 Ms - 164352 Ma
- 126354 Ns 156342 Ms 123564 Ns
143526 Ma - 156423 Di 145623 Ma
- 126543 Br - 156234 Ms - 123645 Br
143652 Ol 163542 Ms 145362 Ol
164235 - 163425 - 123456
SUMMARY
All of the plans in this email can be thought of as a
generalisation of the grid splice, perhaps embellished
through the addition of additional three- or six-lead
splices. It's been a long(!) email, and in total we've
covered 110+118+153+135+34 = 550 plans here, including some
with quite a lot of methods.
Email
Single method plans . . . . . . . . . . 75 [1]
Course splices . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 [1]
Six-lead splices . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 [1]
Three-lead splices . . . . . . . . . . . 798 [1]
Multiple course splices . . . . . . . . 36 [2]
Multiple six-lead splices . . . . . . . 286 [2]
Multiple three-lead splices . . . . . . 412 [2]
Combined course & three-lead splices . . 198 [3]
Combined six- & three-lead splices . . . 163 [3]
Other simple extents with four methods . 28 [3]
Grid splices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 [4]
Triple-pivot grid splices . . . . . . . 253 [4]
Hidden triple-pivot grid splices . . . . 6 [4]
Splice squares . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1224 [5]
Five-lead grid splices . . . . . . . . . 4 [6]
Three-lead grid splices . . . . . . . . 550 [6]
---------------------------------------------
TOTAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4441
This leaves us with just 173 unexplained plans. Some of
these build on the plans in this email in a fairly logical
manner, for example by combining the Ma/Ol/No and Ma/Ol/Ms
splices into a single framework. But that's a topic for
another email.
Apologies for a record-length email.
RAS
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