# [r-t] Kent and Oxford variations

King, Peter R peter.king at imperial.ac.uk
Sun Apr 6 10:22:53 UTC 2014

```This is the response I got from Roger Bailey many years ago to pretty much the same question:

> What are Killamarsh, Ilkeston, Worcester etc variations?

Ilkeston is Kent with a "lead" of Oxford at 3 (really it's a
big thick bob with two sets of Oxford places substituted for
two sets of Kent, giving an abcd -> badc coursing-order trans-
position). This keeps both tenors out of the slow and gives a
5-lead course. Ordinary (Kent) bobs at W, M & H are also used.

Start Kent

2345678
4263857 K <- i.e. Kent places before & after the leadhead shown
6482735 K
6457382 K
_______
5634278 K

The basic course extends to a 5-course block without any further
calls (the lead of Oxford is equivalent to calling 2 befores).

Worcester varaitaion is Kent with Oxford at 3 in every course,
plus optional Oxfords at 1 and/or 5. There are no other bobs.

Start Kent

2345678
4263857 K (O) <- can optionally be Oxford, acting as a bob
6482735 K
4678523 O
6457382 K
_______
5634278 K (O)

Calling Oxford at 1 gives 53246 -> 54632 transposition; Oxford
at 5 gives 53246 -> 24536 transposition. The basic course extends
to a 5-lead block as with Ilkeston.

Liversedge variation is Kent with Oxford Bobs at 3 and 5 in every
course plus Kent bobs at W, M & H.

Start Kent

2345678
4263857 K
6482735 K
-4682735 O <- Oxford places before & after plus bob at the leadhead
6478523 K
-4678523 O
6457382 K
_______
5634278 K

The basic calling extends to a 5-course block as with Ilkeston. The
tenors are kept out of the slow, but get 2 leads of 5-6 position between
the calls.

Hampole variation is Kent with Oxford at 2 & 4 in every course plus
Kent bobs at W, M & H.

Start Kent

2345678
4263857 K
2486735 O
4278563 K
2457386 O
_______
4235678 K

The basic calling extends to a 3-course block. the tenors are kept out
of the slow but get 2 leads of 5-6 position as with Liversedge.

We rang something similar on 10 a few years back. If you get the tenors
into the Tittums (coursing 0987), then two leads of Oxford as above
will jump 46 over them (532460987 -> 532094687 -> 532098746) and keep
all 4 back bells coursing and out of the slow. We called it "Huxley
variation"

Killamarsh is "anything else"

> There must be a brief idiots explanation somewhere.

There's a John Longridge book that explains most of these. I don't have
it to hand as I write. I haven't got a diary, so I don't know how the
touches are notated there -- Ilkeston is usually notated like this:

23456  M  O  W  H         23456  M  3  W  H
_________________   or    _________________
53624  1  X  1  2         53624  1  O  1  2

Note that "3" may not actually be the third lead at all if there are

and Worcester like this:

23456  1  3  5
______________
34256  O  O  O

I have an idea I might have seen Liversedge notated something like this:

23456  M  IV  V  W  H
_____________________
53624  1   x  x  1  2

but I wouldn't swear to it.

Hope this helps.

-----Original Message-----
From: ringing-theory [mailto:ringing-theory-bounces at bellringers.net] On Behalf Of Ted Steele
Sent: 06 April 2014 09:51
To: ringing-theory at bellringers.net
Subject: Re: [r-t] Kent and Oxford variations

On 05/04/2014 22:59, Mark Davies wrote:
> Does anyone have a good collection of historical compositions in the
> various Kent+Oxford variations (Ilkeston, Liversedge etc)?

No, not me anyway; but by coincidence I was attempting the other day to recall how these variations are formed; I would be pleased to be reminded.

We used to ring one where, if ringing Kent, the tenors would make Oxford places to keep out of the slow; was that Ilkeston? Possibly, but Morris says "In the Ilkeston variation each course is rung as Kent, except Oxford is rung for one lead to prevent the tenors "going into the hunt".
I thought we rang it as half lead spliced, i.e the places only changing in one half of the lead when either of the tenors was involved. I understand that there are Killamarsh, Worcester, Granta and Liversedge variations but I thought that Killamarsh was now regarded as a method in its own right. Granta was, I think another way of keeping the tenors off the front. Can anyone refresh my memory?

Ted

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